Research Experience for Teachers
Innovative Transportation Systems (ITS-RET)
Program Overview: Research Experience for Teachers in Innovative Transportation Systems (ITS-RET) is a six-week summer interdisciplinary research program for secondary school and community college STEM teachers in innovative transportation systems hosted by the Western Transportation Institute at Montana State University. The project will develop teacher skills and new curricula that demonstrate development and testing of new technologies, infrastructure materials, simulation or spatial models, and algorithms designed to improve rural transportation. The research focus area of the program is on the unique challenges of rural transportation systems and the overarching theme will be on developing solutions to real world challenges through innovation. RET participants will work on research teams, participate in curriculum development workshops, and implement new teaching materials during a parallel summer program for high school students. Follow-up activities will include industry engagement and curriculum dissemination activities.
Program Flyer: PDF Download
Program Dates: June 24 – August 2, 2019
Benefits: Participants will receive:
- $6,000 stipend
- Reimbursement for travel to MSU-Bozeman up to $700
- Housing and meal stipend
- Up to $1,500 for lab materials or other supplies to develop classroom materials or experiments.
Eligibility: Community college faculty in engineering, construction, computer science, IT, or other STEM programs, and STEM or CTE secondary school teachers working in Montana or Nebraska are invited to apply. Teachers serving rural and tribal communities are strongly encouraged to apply.
Application deadline: December 15, 2018
To apply: Applicants must complete the either the PDF or Word version of the application form (please download the form first before filling in the information) and submit the following additional items:
- Personal Statement (~500 words) to include:
- Your expectations for the RET and why you are interested in participating in the program;
- How you plan to implement changes to your classroom instruction based on your summer research experience;
- What impact you would like your RET experience to have on your instructional practices and what impact you would like to see in your students as a result;
- Explanation of your specific interests and what types of projects you would like to work on (see descriptions on webpage);
- Any additional information that you would like to share with the program directors relevant to the selection process.
- A letter of recommendation from your Principal, Assistant Principal, or Department Head
Email all application materials by the application deadline to: WTIcamp@montana.edu
Background: Transportation is an excellent vehicle for integrated STEM learning. The transportation system is used by all of us in everyday life, but most of us do not see how science, mathematics, engineering, and technological innovations play an important role in making the system safe, efficient, and environmentally sustainable. The ITS-RET program is expected to strengthen the capacity of STEM teachers and community college faculty to deliver content in new ways that mimic how innovative solutions are developed to complex challenges in the real world. The need for creativity and multidisciplinary approaches that integrate tools and processes from the STEM fields will be emphasized. Participants will conduct research and translate their research experiences into curricula that promotes student enthusiasm about STEM applications through engagement with familiar problems in rural communities.
The ITS-RET objectives are:
- to strengthen teachers’ understanding of the engineering research and design process and how research is translated into on the ground applications that lead to system improvements;
- to foster teachers’ ability to translate research experiences into classroom curricula that promote student interest in STEM and align with the Common Core Standards and the Next Generation Science Standards;
- to provide opportunities for professional development through curriculum design, and peer review and feedback sessions; and
- to build a strong network of teachers, faculty, researchers, and industry that leads to long-term development and sharing of instructional materials as well as additional collaborative partnerships.
Research: RET research projects will focus on the unique challenges of rural transportation systems with special attention paid to rural safety and operations, improving the longevity and overall utility of infrastructure, and improving communities through better mobility and access to services.
Sample projects from the 2018 program include:
Rural Mobiliy, Safety, and Operations
Transportation Applications for Augmented Reality (AR)
Augmented Reality (AR) is poised to fundamentally revolutionize our lifestyle. The promise of AR is to extend our awareness to sensors and autonomous processes that will permeate our environment by extending not only the reach of our natural senses, but by allowing us to perceive continually and in real-time near and far-off phenomena and people. For example, the integration of windshield heads up displays (HUD) and vehicular LIDAR will allow us to see the road beyond our line of sight. Vehicular sensors, DSRC communications, and mobile edge computing (MEC) will identify hazardous situations, such as an erratically driving vehicle, and make us aware of them.
To support this vision, we need new content delivery systems that will close the loop between IoT devices that sense our environment and wearable AR technology that allows us to interact with it. Current content distribution networks (CDNs) are ill suited to deliver hyper-local AR objects and the hierarchical structure of CDN servers is too static. RET participants will work closely with the project investigators to explore a proposed alternative to existing network systems – the Augmented Reality Delivery Network (ARDN).
Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation in Small Urban and Rural Communities
Automobile dependence contributes to physical inactivity, poor health, traffic congestion, and environmental problems. Engineering programs at universities across the country predominantly focus on auto-centric transportation systems. This research is focused on creating transportation systems that support biking, walking and transit travel. Offering transportation choices for people of all ages and abilities requires engineers, planners, public policy and health professionals to work together.
RET participants will use public databases on health and transportation to inform decisions; utilize assessment tools to evaluate bike and pedestrian infrastructure; and implement a demonstration project to promote more walkable, bike-able and livable communities.
Assessing Safety Benefits of Infrastructure Improvements Using Crash Data
Maintaining safety on the highway system has been a top priority for most highway agencies in the US given the heavy toll in deaths and casualties associated with traffic crashes. The limited funds available to highway agencies for safety improvements require a careful consideration of sites that are more promising in improving safety at the network level. This requires a good understanding of the safety benefits of various safety countermeasures, which is critical in conducting economic analyses.
The project assesses the safety benefits of two infrastructure improvements using before-after crash data from sites where these improvements have been implemented. Assessing safety benefits of various safety improvements is critical for highway agencies in reaching an optimum use of limited safety improvement funds.
Sustainable Infrastructure Materials and Practices
During the most recently reported 15-year period, the total number of vehicle crashes in the U.S. has held roughly steady, at around 6 million crashes annually. Over the same time period, however, the percentage of crashes involving wildlife rose by 50%, from roughly 200,000 to 300,000. These crashes result in 200 human fatalities and over 26,000 injuries each year, at an annual cost to Americans of more than $8 billion. In addition to direct wildlife mortality, roads also have other harmful effects including loss of habitat and the potential to act as barriers to wildlife movement and gene flow (Huijser et al. 2008).
Yet, unlike many environmental issues we face today, there are scientifically proven solutions to this problem. One such counter measure, wildlife crossing structures that go over and under our nation’s roadways, if properly sited and with associated fencing, have been shown to reduce wildlife-vehicle collisions by up to 97%. The project identifies potential incentives for increasing deployment of crossing structures, where appropriate, by exploring and identifying methods for overcoming cultural and institutional barriers to deployment of wildlife crossing structures.
Non-Proprietary Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) for use in Transportation Applications
Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) has mechanical and durability properties that far exceed those of conventional concrete. Thus, elements made with UHPC have longer service lives, decreased maintenance costs, and are thinner/lighter than elements made with conventional concrete. However, using UHPC in conventional concrete applications has been cost prohibitive, with commercially available/proprietary mixes exceeding $2,000 per cubic yard, which is about 20 times the cost of conventional concrete. The proposed research will aim to develop and characterize non-proprietary UHPC mixes made with materials readily available in the Pacific Northwest. These mixes are anticipated to be significantly less expensive than the commercially available UHPC mixes, thus allowing for the use of UHPC in construction projects in this region. Further, if applicable, the proposed research project will also investigate the behavior of structural elements made with the newly developed UHPC mixes. The research experience includes development of an experimental design, materials testing, and analysis.